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Carbapenem-Resistant or Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)

Carbapenem is a potent β-lactam antimicrobial drug used to kill gram-negative rod bacteria such as Enterobacteriaceae.  Although rare, some Enterobacteriaceae have picked up pieces of genetic material that allow them to make carbapenemases which break down carbapenems and make the bacteria resistant to these antibiotics.  This is especially alarming given that carbapenems have become the antibiotics of last...

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Multi-drug resistant (or Methicillin-resistant) Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

MRSA is a type of Staphyloccocal infection that is resistant to the common “first-line” antibiotics that are used to treat bacterial infections.  The major difference between MRSA and other Staphyloccocus strains is that MRSA has developed resistance to the common antibiotics that doctors commonly use to treat bacterial infections.  MRSA becomes resistant to these antibiotics when it acquires a...